Calculated socioeconomic impacts of setting certain climate targets vary greatly between different analyses. This is one of the key conclusions in our recent report, based on a comparison and interpretation of 12 different model scenarios by the general equilibrium model EMEC and the energy system model TIMES-Sweden.
The results illustrate that it is impossible to form a clear view of the impact of climate policy based only on available model results. To decide on appropriate climate policy, what short-term targets to set, and which instruments to use, the current decision basis needs to be supplemented with complementary analysis.
Given the importance of transport sector emissions in Sweden, a “hybrid“ model – that is, a general equilibrium model with a clear technology representation in power and transport – would have particular value in the Swedish context.
For further information, please contact Per Klevnäs