Which enforcement barriers are hurting Nordic businesses?

The Nordic region is particularly competitive in services, transport, food, green technology, communication services and equipment, machinery and health care services including pharmaceuticals. This leads to high exports in these industries which generates jobs and brings wealth to the region. Barriers to exports in these industries are thus particularly harmful for growth and wealth creation. We find evidence that a subset of these industries namely services, transport, food, and green technology are facing barriers due to EU legislation that is not being applied as intended. For example, the existing public procurement directives ought to pave the way for non-discrimination between domestic and foreign service providers. Yet, that is not always the case, as an example of an emergency service provider Falck demonstrates.