With an in-depth understanding of different transport network services, the Copenhagen Economics Transport team helps governments, private businesses and regulators to understand the impacts of introducing new rules and constraints.

We help with the design or implementation of economic regulation, the measuring of economic impacts, and in antitrust or competition policy matters and cases of state aid. Our expertise also extends to conducting market power assessments, regulatory design and price reviews.

Our dedicated Transport team assist clients in matters related to antitrust or competition policy matters and in cases of state aid. Our expertise includes market power assessment, regulatory design, price reviews and charging structures, benchmarking, and cost of capital assessment.



  • Antitrust
  • Consulting services for transport economics
  • Rail transport
  • Road transport
  • Sea transport
  • Air transport
  • Transportation
  • Competition policy
  • State aid
  • Benchmarking
  • Capital assessment
  • Charging structures

We help our clients with

Rail transport can become faster, cheaper and better with the right regulation and incentives for operators. Well-running trains reduce travel times and get people to work faster, they allow for more business travel and reduce emissions and congestion. The same applies to transporting goods. Efficient allocation of rail track capacity and optimal location and operation of road-to-rail terminals can improve transport conditions, increase export capacity while at the same time reducing environmental impact and road congestion.

Air transport has grown rapidly and airfares have dropped significantly in recent decades following the massive proliferation of European and international air transport. Airlines are competing more vigorously than ever before and are becoming more and more independent. This poses questions about how governments should react to safeguard their economy and capture the most of the economic benefits from air transportation.

It also gives rise to a new competitive situation for airports. An airport may or may not have significant market power, or may only have market power over part of its business. Market power should be assessed, not assumed. If significant market power is found, the appropriate economic regulation should be adopted and careful consideration made whether a full-blown price cap regulation is warranted.

Sea transport is the engine of our global economy. For economies to reap the benefits of international trade they are deeply dependent on efficient sea transport services. Port efficiency and the mechanisms for allocating berthing time in ports is essential for the overall import and export capacity of a country or region.

Road transport is facing more and more congestion and in combination with increased focus on the environmental costs, it becomes more and more important to review the pricing of road usage.

Copenhagen Economics made a substantial contribution in an important and complex area, and I am very impressed with their work
Jos Nijhuis, President and CEO - Schiphol Group
See this case